What is quarter sawn wood. Quarter sawing also quarter cut is a type of cut in the rip sawing of logs into lumber. Quarter sawn timber means the log is quartered before being cut. Quarter sawn boards on the other hand are cut at a 90 degree angle to the center of the log. There are different methods or quarter sawing.
By cutting a log into four quarters then plain sawing each quarter you end up with lumber that naturally resists cupping. Quarter sawn wood is more stable compared to plain sawn. So each quarter of the log is cut into boards. It is resilient to cupping and expands and contracts less.
Rift sawn and quarter sawn are one in the same. A woodworkers guild of america wwgoa original video. Quarter sawn lumber is defined as wood where the annular growth rings intersect the face of the board at a 60 to 90 degree angle. Quarter sawn wood has an amazing straight grain pattern that lends itself to design.
There is also a method using tangential cuts. There is widespread confusion between the terms quartersawn and riftsawn with both words defined with opposite meanings and as synonyms. In addition to the desirable grain pattern this type of wood is some of the most dimensionally stable making it ideal to work with. This results in more waste which makes boards cut this way more expensive.
Quarter sawn wood is more dimensionally stable than plain sawn lumber. However it also creates a completely different look to the boards which many people find desirable. However there is little agreement what exactly that angle is. You can count on quarter sawn wood to have a quieter face grain than plain sawn wood.
The resulting lumber is called quartersawn quarter sawn quartered and radially sawn. By definition quarter sawn lumber is the angle that the annular growth rings intersect the face of the board. Dramatic flecking is also present in red oak and white oak. More physical labor and time are required to make a piece of lumber or flooring plank quarter sawn.
This results in a material that has a more unique linear grain pattern. When cutting this lumber at the sawmill each log is sawed at a radial angle into four quarters hence the name.